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Published 2007
The Carian language /

: This handbook provides a complete and updated view of our current knowledge about Carian, one of the Indo-European languages spoken in ancient Anatolia. The decipherment of the Carian alphabet has only recently made it possible to analyze Carian inscriptions and to classify the Carian language linguistically. The book covers all major topics of research on Carian: the direct and indirect sources with an edition of the Carian inscriptions following a new classification system, the history of the decipherment, the Carian alphabet, and the phonological, morphological, lexical, and syntactic features of the language. It includes an annotated Carian glossary. The volume concludes with a special appendix on Carian coins and legends by Koray Konuk that will be of particular interest to specialists in ancient numismatics.
: 1 online resource. : Includes bibliographical references (p. 495-507) and indexes. : 9789047410492 : Available to subscribing member institutions only.

Published 2013
Ancient Egyptian administration /

: Ancient Egyptian Administration provides the first comprehensive overview of the structure, organization and evolution of the pharaonic administration from its origins to the end of the Late Period. The book not only focuses on bureaucracy, departments, and official practices but also on more informal issues like patronage, the limits in the actual exercise of authority, and the competing interests between institutions and factions within the ruling elite. Furthermore, general chapters devoted to the best-documented periods in Egyptian history are supplemented by more detailed ones dealing with specific archives, regions, and administrative problems. The volume thus produced by an international team of leading scholars will be an indispensable, up-to-date, tool of research covering a much-neglected aspect of pharaonic civilization.
: 1 online resource (ix, 1099 pages) : 9789004250086 : 0169-9423 ; : Available to subscribing member institutions only.

Published 2008
The neo-Aramaic dialect of Barwar /

: The Aramaic language has continued to be spoken in various dialects down to modern times. Many of these dialects, however, are now endangered due to political events in the Middle East over the last hundred years. This work, in three volumes, presents a description of one such endangered neo-Aramaic dialect, that of the Assyrian Christian community of the Barwar region in northern Iraq. It is a unique record of the dialect based on interviews with the surviving older generation of the community. Volume one contains a detailed grammatical description of the dialect, including sections on phonology, morphology and syntax. Volume two contains an extensive glossary of the lexicon of the dialect with illustrations of various aspects of the material culture. Volume three contains transcriptions of numerous recorded texts, including folktales, ethnographic texts, songs, and proverbs.
: 1 online resource. : Includes bibliographical references. : 9789047443490 : Available to subscribing member institutions only.

Published 2015
A cultural history of Aramaic : from the beginnings to the advent of Islam /

: Aramaic is a constant thread running through the various civilizations of the Near East, ancient and modern, from 1000 BCE to the present, and has been the language of small principalities, world empires, and a fair share of the Jewish-Christian tradition. Holger Gzella describes its cultural and linguistic history as a continuous evolution from its beginnings to the advent of Islam. For the first time the individual phases of the language, their socio-historical underpinnings, and the textual sources are discussed comprehensively in light of the latest linguistic and historical research and with ample attention to scribal traditions, multilingualism, and language as a marker of cultural self-awareness. Many new observations on Aramaic are thereby integrated into a coherent historical framework.
: 1 online resource (466 pages) : Includes bibliographical references and index. : 9789004285101 : 0169-9423 ;
0169-9423 : Available to subscribing member institutions only.

Published 2015
A dictionary of the Ugaritic language in the alphabetic tradition /

: As with any dictionary of a newly discovered dead language, the aim of this Dictionary of the Ugaritic alphabetic texts is to indicate the stage reached in its lexical description and to serve as a reference work for further study. In this connection, the main interpretative opinions have been included, since to a large extent Ugaritic lexicography remains uncertain. Also the most relevant comparative Semitic material has been provided in order to corroborate the lexical choices adopted by the authors and help readers to verify their own. The new material discovered since 1992 and recently published has also been included, along with all the personal and topographical names as in the two previous editions.
: 1 online resource (2 volumes (xlii, 989 pages)) : Includes bibliographical references. : 9789004288652 : Available to subscribing member institutions only.

Published 2008
Divine epithets in the Ugaritic alphabetic texts /

: This volume comprises an analysis of 112 divine epithets occurring in the alphabetic cuneiform texts from Ras Shamra and Ras Ibn Hani. It is intended to encompass all the epithets of the individual Ugaritic deities, semi-divine, and demonic beings, both good and evil, attested in the published texts. The epithets are profound expressions of the religious views of the ancient Ugaritians and their comprehension is essential for understanding the role, character, and status of the various deities in the Ugaritic pantheon. Particular attention has been paid to parallel divine epithets in Akkadian, biblical Hebrew, and classical Arabic.
: Rev. and edited translation of the author's dissertation. : 1 online resource. : Includes bibliographical references (p. [393]-422) and indexes. : 9789047423003 : Available to subscribing member institutions only.

Published 2001
Judaism in late antiquity.

: What, in Judaism - a religion so concerned with social norms and public policy - can we possibly mean by "law"? That is the thoroughly fresh perspective with which this work commences. It proceeds with two chapters on Second Temple Judaism, and two on the special subject of the Dead Sea library. Learning withers when criticism is substituted by political consensus, and when other than broadly accepted viewpoints find a hearing only with difficulty, if at all. The editors, therefore, invited colleagues from the USA, Europe, and Israel to systematically outline their views in one account and set it alongside contrary ones. The several participants explain how, in broad and sweeping terms, they see the state of learning in their areas of special interest. The volume provides first an overview, followed by a systematic, critical account of the fading consensus. In a number of accounts, the different perspectives are presented in scholarly debate. Because of the willingness of contending parties to meet one another in a single frame of discourse, the work is able to portray with considerable breadth the presently contending viewpoints concerning the use of Rabbinical literature for historical purposes. Besides this sustained and vigorous debate, precipitated by historical-critical reading of the rabbinical literature, other issues have attracted attention, such as, for example, feminist interests.
: Pt. 3, volume 4 edited by Alan J. Avery-Peck and Jacob Neusner.
Pt. 5, volume 1-2 edited by Alan J. Avery-Peck, Jacob Neusner and Bruce D. Chilton. : 1 online resource (xii, 196 pages) : illustrations. : Includes bibliographical references and indexes. : 9789004294172 : 0169-9423 ; : Available to subscribing member institutions only.

Published 1998
Judaism in late antiquity.

: This collection of systematic Auseinandersetzungen articulates difference and spells out what is at issue. Learning atrophies when political consensus substitutes for criticism, and when other than broadly-accepted viewpoints, approaches, and readings find a hearing only with difficulty, if at all. The editors therefore have invited colleagues systematically to outline their views in an Auseinandersetzung with contrary ones. The several participants explain how, in broad and sweeping terms, they see the state of learning in their areas of special interest. The editors invited leading players in the USA, Europe, and the State of Israel, in the study of ancient Judaism, both in Second Temple Times and after 70 C.E. The work commences with a thoroughly fresh perspective of a theoretical question: what, in a religion so concerned with social norms and public policy, can we possibly mean by \'law\' when we speak of law in Judaism. It then proceeds with two chapters on Second Temple Judaism, and two on the special subject of the Dead Sea library. The two papers in the present part provide an overview of matters and a systematic, critical account of the fading consensus, respectively. The next set of papers ought to stand as the definitive account of the diverse viewpoints on a basic question of method. Because of the willingness of contending parties to meet one another in a single frame of discourse, the work is able to portray with considerable breadth the presently-contending viewpoints concerning the use of Rabbinic literature for historical purposes. Then proceed a number of other accounts of how matters look from the perspective of major participants in scholarly debate. At the same time as the requirements of historical-critical reading of the Rabbinic literature precipitated sustained and vigorous debate, other problems have attracted attention. Among these a critical issue emerges in the hermeneutics to govern the reading of the documents for the purposes of other-than-historical study, feminist interests, for example.
: Pt. 3, volume 4 edited by Alan J. Avery-Peck and Jacob Neusner.
Pt. 5, volume 1-2 edited by Alan J. Avery-Peck, Jacob Neusner and Bruce D. Chilton. : 1 online resource (xiv, 250 pages) : illustrations. : Includes bibliographical references and indexes. : 9789004294059 : 0169-9423 ; : Available to subscribing member institutions only.

Published 2006
The Mishnah in contemporary perspective.

: This second volume of a two-part project on the Mishnah displays a broad selection of approaches to the study of the Mishnah in the contemporary academy. The work derives from Israel, North America, and Europe and shows the intellectual vitality of scholarship in all three centers of learning. What these articles show in diverse ways is that the Mishnah forms a critical focus of the study of Judaism. The authors of these studies represent the best of contemporary scholarship on the Mishnah. Because of the many viewpoints included here, this is the most representative selection of contemporary Mishnah-study available in any collection in a Western language.
: 1 online resource (1 volumes) : Includes bibliographical references and indexes. : 9789047410065 : 0169-9423 ; : Available to subscribing member institutions only.

Published 2001
A grammar of the Ugaritic language /

: Ugaritic, discovered in 1929, is a North-West Semitic language, documented on clay tablets (about 1250 texts) and dated from the period between the 14th and the 12th centuries B.C.E. The documents are of various types: literary, administrative, lexicological. Numerous Ugaritic tablets contain portions of a poetic cycle pertaining to the Ugaritic pantheon. Another part, the administrative documents shed light on the organization of Ugarit, thus contributing greatly to our understanding of the history and culture of the biblical and North-West Semitic world. This important reference work, a revised and translated edition of the author's Hebrew publication (Beer Sheva, 1993), deals with the phonology, morphology and syntax of Ugaritic. The book contains also an appendix with text selections.
: First impression: Leiden ; New York : Brill, 1997. : 1 online resource (xxi, 330 pages) : Includes bibliographical references (p. 227-238) and indexes. : 9789047427216 : 0169-9423 : Available to subscribing member institutions only.

Published 2015
A cultural history of Aramaic : from the beginnings to the advent of Islam /

: Aramaic is a constant thread running through the various civilizations of the Near East, ancient and modern, from 1000 BCE to the present, and has been the language of small principalities, world empires, and a fair share of the Jewish-Christian tradition. Holger Gzella describes its cultural and linguistic history as a continuous evolution from its beginnings to the advent of Islam. For the first time the individual phases of the language, their socio-historical underpinnings, and the textual sources are discussed comprehensively in light of the latest linguistic and historical research and with ample attention to scribal traditions, multilingualism, and language as a marker of cultural self-awareness. Many new observations on Aramaic are thereby integrated into a coherent historical framework.
: 1 online resource (466 pages) : Includes bibliographical references and index. : 9789004285101 : 0169-9423 ;
0169-9423 : Available to subscribing member institutions only.

Published 1981
Geschichte des alten Ägypten /

: Includes indexes. : 1 online resource (xii, 293 pages, [5] leaves of plates (1 folded)) : illustrations, genealogical table. : Includes bibliographical references (p. xi-xii). : 9789004293892 : Available to subscribing member institutions only.

Published 1964
Religionsgeschichte des Alten Orients /

: 1 online resource (154 pages) : Includes bibliographical references and index. : 9789004293823 : Available to subscribing member institutions only.

Published 2001
Judaism in late antiquity.

: The authors have asked of the documents of the Dead Sea Library found at Qumran a simple question: how does each participate in a single Judaic religious system? They propose a reading of the Scrolls from the hypothesis that all of them, in one way or another, rest upon one, authoritative, Judaism. Their analysis of the Dead Sea Scrolls describes how diverse writings hold together to make a single coherent statement, to stand for a religious system possessed of integrity and wisdom. This account of the world view of Judaism covers principal questions addressed to any Judaic religious system: the doctrine of God, the Torah, and matters of history, wisdom, and mysticism. When it comes to the way of life, they include the evidence of the material culture of the community as well as practical matters of religious conduct. How the community's world view comes to realization is suggested by its treatment of the calendar, by its provision of laws that concern women, by questions of cultic and secular purity, by its piety and forms of worship and views of Temple, sacrifice, and the like. Finally, with the community's definition of 'Israel' and of itself in relationship to 'Israel', inclusive of Israelites excluded from this 'Israel', an account is gained of the theory of who and what is Israel that animates the particular Judaism represented in these writings.
: Pt. 3, volume 4 edited by Alan J. Avery-Peck and Jacob Neusner.
Pt. 5, volume 1-2 edited by Alan J. Avery-Peck, Jacob Neusner and Bruce D. Chilton. : 1 online resource (xii, 276 pages) : illustrations. : Includes bibliographical references and indexes. : 9789004294196 : 0169-9423 ; : Available to subscribing member institutions only.

Published 2008
Divine epithets in the Ugaritic alphabetic texts /

: This volume comprises an analysis of 112 divine epithets occurring in the alphabetic cuneiform texts from Ras Shamra and Ras Ibn Hani. It is intended to encompass all the epithets of the individual Ugaritic deities, semi-divine, and demonic beings, both good and evil, attested in the published texts. The epithets are profound expressions of the religious views of the ancient Ugaritians and their comprehension is essential for understanding the role, character, and status of the various deities in the Ugaritic pantheon. Particular attention has been paid to parallel divine epithets in Akkadian, biblical Hebrew, and classical Arabic.
: Rev. and edited translation of the author's dissertation. : 1 online resource. : Includes bibliographical references (p. [393]-422) and indexes. : 9789047423003 : Available to subscribing member institutions only.

Published 1968
Literatur /

: 1 online resource (203 pages) : Includes bibliographical references and index. : 9789004304994 : Available to subscribing member institutions only.

Published 2005
An analytical concordance of the verb, the negation, and the syntax in Egyptian coffin texts /

: The present volume is the long-awaited concordance of the Egyptian coffin texts. It forms the sequel to A Hieroglyphic Dictionary of Egyptian Coffin Texts by the same author. In 1961 A. de Buck published his important seven-volume corpus Egyptian Coffin Texts . The importance of these texts is considerable for a variety of reasons; they are one of the most important literary texts of classical Egypt; the many variants greatly enlarge our understanding of grammar and linguistic structures; the coffin texts are magical texts, the effectiveness of which depended upon the exact reproductions of the original spells . In this concordance the various readings of each lemma are provided in transliteration into the Latin alphabet, which makes the concordance easily accessible for those unable to read hieroglyphs. The material is divided into the morphological categories of the verb; within each category the verbs are treated in alphabetical order.
: 1 online resource (2 volumes (xv, 1,940 pages)) : 9789047414872 : 0169-9423 ; : Available to subscribing member institutions only.

Published 1994
Geschichte der hethitischen Religion /

: Geschichte der hethitischen Religion presents the first comprehensive representation of the religious history of the Hittites, using both cuneiform and archaeological sources of the Ancient Near East, as from the beginning of the Neolithic until the end of the era of the Hittite Great Kingdom around 1150 B.C. Special attention will be paid to Ancient Near Eastern cosmologies, the Hittite Kingship and the world of the gods. The book will lead the reader from 'national' to regional divinities and from 'types' of gods, local numina, divine attributes and symbols to the cultic inventory. A fascinating insight in sacrificial practices, in myths and popular religious customs renders the reader a comprehensive overview of the Hittite festive calendar. A historical survey will give the reader the essential reference.
: 1 online resource (xxi, 1,031 pages) : illustrations, folded map. : Includes bibliographical references (p. 977-1023) and indexes. : 9789004293946 : 0169-9423 ; : Available to subscribing member institutions only.

Published 1994
Judaism in late antiquity.

: This volume introduces the sources of Judaism in late antiquity to scholars in adjacent fields, such as the study of the Old and New Testaments, Ancient History, the ancient Near East, and the history of religion. In two volumes, leading American, Israeli, and European specialists in the history, literature, theology, and archaeology of Judaism offer factual answers to the two questions that the study of any religion in ancient times must raise. The first is, what are the sources - written and in material culture - that inform us about that religion? The second is, how have we to understand those sources in reconstructing the history of various Judaic systems in antiquity. The chapters set forth in simple statements, intelligible to non-specialists, the facts which the sources provide. Because of the nature of the subject and acute interest in it, the specialists also raise some questions particular to the study of Judaism, dealing with its historical relationship with nascent Christianity in New Testament times. The work forms the starting point for the study of all the principal questions concerning Judaism in late antiquity and sets forth the most current, critical results of scholarship.
: Pt. 3, volume 4 edited by Alan J. Avery-Peck and Jacob Neusner.
Pt. 5, volume 1-2 edited by Alan J. Avery-Peck, Jacob Neusner and Bruce D. Chilton. : 1 online resource (xiv, 276 pages) : illustrations. : Includes bibliographical references and indexes. : 9789004293984 : 0169-9423 ; : Available to subscribing member institutions only.

Published 2002
Christliche Architektur in Ägypten /

: This is the first comprehensive survey of Christian architecture in Egypt from the fourth century up to early modern times, covering not only church architecture, but also and extensively the building art of pilgrimage centers, monasteries, cemeteries, defence structures and private houses. Special attention is given to building technique, arrangement of the interior, and liturgical (local) conditions. With a descriptive catalogue of urban and monastic churches.
: 1 online resource (xxx, 605 pages) : illustrations. : Includes bibliographical references and index. : 9789004294219 : 0169-9423 = : Available to subscribing member institutions only.