Bernard Bruyère

Bernard Bruyère (10 November 1879 – 4 December 1971) was a French Egyptologist.

Born in Besançon, Bruyère devoted a large part of his career to archaeological excavations of Deir el-Medina and the scientific publication of his findings at the site. Deir el-Medina was a village of artisans who worked on digging and decorating the tombs of the Valley of the Kings. Bruyère excavated the village and its surrounding area from 1922 to 1940 and from 1945 to 1951, where he undertook a systematic and rational exploration of the archaeological zone. The site has been thoroughly excavated and studied by Bernard Bruyère, who published the results of his work every year.

In 1922, Bernard Bruyère discovered the tomb TT290 in the necropolis of Deir el-Medina. This tomb had been stripped of almost everything in ancient times. The only remaining funeral equipment, discovered in the tomb, were some fragments of stelae and fragments of a wooden coffin belonging to Irunefer, a servant in the Place of Truth.

One morning in October 1922, British archaeologist and Egyptologist Howard Carter visited the site to express his despair to his colleague, Bruyère: Lord Carnarvon, Carter's patron, had ended their collaboration, giving Carter a deadline to find something of value on the expedition they had just begun. Bruyère, who followed the excavations of the English with interest, suggested that they explore a spot they had not yet prospected: the foot of the entrance to Ramesses VI's tomb. There, they discovered the Tomb of Tutankhamun.

During the excavation campaign of 1927, Bernard Bruyère excavated tomb TT299, the second tomb of Inerkhau, which he had already found in 1922–23 according to the reports of Karl Richard Lepsius. He then faced major technical problems, including the falling of a twenty-ton rock that threatened to destroy what remained of the underlying structures.

On 7 February 1928 Bruyère discovered the untouched grave of Sennefer. The discovery was reconstructed in the exhibition "The artists of Pharaoh" at the Louvre in 2002. The tomb of the lady Madja, whose coffin was found in his tomb, was also exhibited at the Louvre in this exhibit (room 14).

From 1949 to 1951, Bruyère completed the excavation of the large well more than deep and wide at the opening. The inhabitants of the village used this giant hole for disposal of unwanted materials, after a failed attempt to use it as a water source. Bruyère raised of debris without mechanical assistance, and found more than 5000 ostraca in this deposit. He died in Chatou in 1971, aged 92.

The IFAO has decided to gradually publish Bernard Bruyère's excavation notebooks online, which provide a basic source of information on Deir el-Medina. These are the original manuscript pages that have been scanned. Provided by Wikipedia
Showing 1 - 20 results of 24 for search 'Bruyère, Bernard,', query time: 0.02s Refine Results
Fouilles de Clysma-Qolzoum (Suez) 1930-1932 /

: At head of title : Ministère de l'éducation nationale. : 126 pages : illustrations, maps, plans, 36 plates ; 34 cm. : Includes bibliographical references.

Tombes thébaines /

: Cover-title ; at head of title : B. Bruyère et Ch. Kuentz. : volumes : plates, plans ; 24 cm.

La tombe no 1 de Sen-nedjem à Deir el Médineh /

: At head of title : Ministere de l'éducation nationale.
Volumes 2 contains plates 34-38, "Croquis de position" by Fahmy 'Abd el Wahab. : 2 volumes : illustrations ; 36 cm. : Bibliography : volume 1, pages [vii]

Tombes thébaines : la nécropole de Deir el-Médineh /

: 152, 23 pages of plates : illustrations, plans ; 36 cm. : Includes bibliographical references.

Mert Seger à Deir el Médineh /

: vii, 322 pages : illustrations ; 37 cm.

Tombes thébaines : la nécropole de Deir el-Médineh /

: ix, 269 pages including 51 pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 33 cm. : Includes bibliographical references. : 9782724706666

Published 1952
Tombes Thébaines : de Deir el Médineh à décoration monochrome /

: At head of title: Ministère de l'éducation nationale. : 104 pages, 30 unnumbered leaves of plates : illustrations (1 color) ; 36 cm. : Includes bibliographical references.

Published 1952
Rapport sur les fouilles de Deir el Médineh (1926) : sondage au temple funeraire d thotmes II (HAT ANKH SHESEPT)

: 66 p., 12 p. pl. : ill. ; 32 cm. : Met index. : 0768-4703 ;

Published 1926
Rapport sur les fouilles de Deir El Médineh (1924-1925) /

: 214, [2] p., 10 plates : ill. ; 33 cm.

Published 1928
Rapport sur les fouilles de Deir el Médineh (1927) /

: 137 p., 7 bl. pl. : ill. ; 32 cm. : Met index. : 0768-4703 ;

Published 1930
Rapport sur les fouilles de Deir el Médineh (1929) /

: 123 p., 9 bl. pl. : ill. ; 32 cm. : Met index. : 0768-4703 ;

Published 1927
Rapport sur les fouilles de Deir el Médineh (1926) /

: 93 p., 9 p. pl. : ill. ; 32 cm. : Met index. : 0768-4703 ;

Published 1933
Rapport sur les fouilles de Deir el Médineh (1930) /

: 138p., 39 bl. pl. : ill. ; 32 cm. : 0768-4703 ;

Published 1929
Rapport sur les fouilles de Deir el Médineh (1928) /

: 145p., 13plates: ill. ; 32 cm. : 0768-4703 ;

Published 1925
Rapport sur les fouilles de Deir El Médineh (1923-1924) /

: 117p., 30 plates : ill. ; 33 cm.

Published 1953
Rapport sur les fouilles de Deir El Médineh (années 1948 à 1951), [Le grand puits et les tombes du secteur Nord-Est]

: 1 vol. (144 p.-XXV f. de pl. dont [3] dépl.) : ill., plates (Some fold), plans (some fold), tables. 33 cm.

Published 1929
Rapport sur les fouilles de Deir el Médineh (nord) (1928) /

: 2 sheets, 32 pages : 3 illustration sheets, h.t. plates; 32 cm. : 0768-4703 ;

Published 1948
Rapport sur les fouilles de Deir el Médineh (1935-1940) /

: 3.v : ill., plates (Some fold), plans (some fold), tables. 34 cm.

Published 1953
Rapport sur les fouilles de Deir El Médineh (années 1931 à 1932) /

: 109p.,VI plates : ill., plates (Some fold), plans (some fold), tables. 33 cm.

Rapport sur les fouilles de Deir El Médineh /

: volumes : illustrations, plates, plans ; 33 cm. : Series entry.

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