Origen

Representation of Origen writing, from a manuscript of ''In numeros homilia XXVII'', {{nowrap|{{circa}} 1160}} Origen of Alexandria; , ''Ōrigénēs''; Origen's Greek name ''Ōrigénēs'' () probably means "child of Horus" (from , "Horus", and , "born").}} ( 185 – 253), also known as Origen Adamantius,, ''Ōrigénēs Adamántios''. The nickname or cognomen ''Adamantios'' () derives from Greek ''adámas'' (), which means "adamant", "unalterable", "unbreakable", "unconquerable", "diamond". }} was an early Christian scholar, ascetic, and theologian who was born and spent the first half of his career in Alexandria. He was a prolific writer who wrote roughly 2,000 treatises in multiple branches of theology, including textual criticism, biblical exegesis and hermeneutics, homiletics, and spirituality. He was one of the most influential and controversial figures in early Christian theology, apologetics, and asceticism. He has been described as "the greatest genius the early church ever produced".

Origen sought martyrdom with his father at a young age but was prevented from turning himself in to the authorities by his mother. When he was eighteen years old, Origen became a catechist at the Catechetical School of Alexandria. He devoted himself to his studies and adopted an ascetic lifestyle. He came into conflict with Demetrius, the bishop of Alexandria, in 231 after he was ordained as a presbyter by his friend Theoclistus, the bishop of Caesarea, while on a journey to Athens through Palestine. Demetrius condemned Origen for insubordination and accused him of having castrated himself and of having taught that even Satan would eventually attain salvation, an accusation which Origen vehemently denied. Origen founded the Christian School of Caesarea, where he taught logic, cosmology, natural history, and theology, and became regarded by the churches of Palestine and Arabia as the ultimate authority on all matters of theology. He was tortured for his faith during the Decian persecution in 250 and died three to four years later from his injuries.

Origen was able to produce a massive quantity of writings because of the patronage of his close friend Ambrose of Alexandria, who provided him with a team of secretaries to copy his works, making him one of the most prolific writers in all of antiquity. His treatise ''On the First Principles'' systematically laid out the principles of Christian theology and became the foundation for later theological writings. He also authored ''Contra Celsum'', the most influential work of early Christian apologetics, in which he defended Christianity against the pagan philosopher Celsus, one of its foremost early critics. Origen produced the ''Hexapla'', the first critical edition of the Hebrew Bible, which contained the original Hebrew text as well as four different Greek translations of it, and one Greek transliteration of the Hebrew, all written in columns, side by side. He wrote hundreds of homilies covering almost the entire Bible, interpreting many passages as allegorical. Origen taught that, before the creation of the material universe, God had created the souls of all the intelligent beings. These souls, at first fully devoted to God, fell away from him and were given physical bodies. Origen was the first to propose the ransom theory of atonement in its fully developed form, and he also significantly contributed to the development of the concept of the Trinity. Origen hoped that all people might eventually attain salvation, but was always careful to maintain that this was only speculation. He defended free will and advocated Christian pacifism.

Origen is considered by some Christian groups to be a Church Father. He is widely regarded as one of the most influential Christian theologians. His teachings were especially influential in the east, with Athanasius of Alexandria and the three Cappadocian Fathers being among his most devoted followers. Argument over the orthodoxy of Origen's teachings spawned the First Origenist Crisis in the late fourth century, in which he was attacked by Epiphanius of Salamis and Jerome but defended by Tyrannius Rufinus and John of Jerusalem. In 543, Emperor Justinian I condemned him as a heretic and ordered all his writings to be burned. The Second Council of Constantinople in 553 may have anathematized Origen, or it may have only condemned certain heretical teachings which claimed to be derived from Origen. His teachings on the pre-existence of souls were rejected by the Church. Provided by Wikipedia
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Entretien d'origène : avec héraclide et les évêques ses collègues sur le père, le fils, et l'âme /

: viii, 200 pages, 4 facsimiles ; 28 cm.

Extraits des livres I et II du Contre Celse d'Origene : d'apres le papyrus no. 88747 du Musee du Caire /

: xi, 132 pages, 2 leaves of plates ; 28 cm. : Includes bibliographical references.

Entretien d'Origène avec Héraclide et les évêques ses collègues sur le Père, le Fils, et l'âme /

: Translation of : Dialogus cum Heraclide. : viii, 200 pages : 4 facsimiles ; 28 cm. : Bibliography : page [xi].

Le commentaire d'Origene sur Rom. III 5-v.7 d'apres les extraits du Papyrus No88748 du Musee cu Caire et les fragments de la Philocalie et du Vaticanus gr. 762 : Essai de reconstit...

: x, 280 pages : facsimiless ; 28 cm.

Published 1960
Entretien d'Origène avec Héraclide /

: Greek and French on opposite pages.
Translation of Dialogus cum Heraclide.
Includes indexes. : 126 pages ; 20 cm. : Bibliography : pages [9]-10. : wafaa.lib

Published 2001
Contra Celsum : libri VIII /

: The giant treatise Contra Celsum is Origen's main and longest work. It is of significance for both Greek Patristics and Ancient Philosophy. However, the extant text of the treatise is lacunose and corrupt. Two outstanding editions - by Paul Koetschau (1899) and Marcel Borret (1967-1969) - are not critical enough. The editor tried to restore Origen's original text and presents the reader with a reasonably reliable text.
: 1 online resource (xxiii, 637 pages) : Includes bibliographical references and indexes. : 9789004313200 : Available to subscribing member institutions only.

Published 2023
Later Platonists and their Heirs among Christians, Jews, and Muslims /

: Later Platonists and their Heirs among Christians, Jews and Muslims offers a thought-provoking exploration of the reception of Platonism among communities of faith from early Christianity to the sixteenth century, from the Byzantine East to the Latin West. Rare emphasis is placed on the importance of Platonic thought and its diffusion in late antique and medieval Syria, Armenia, and Georgia but also among Arab and Jewish intellectuals from the seventh century onwards. As such, the volume makes a statement against the separation of Neoplatonic philosophy from Christianity and the other Abrahamic faiths, since all four traditions promoted a life of virtue and goodness despite operating under different divine auspices. The volume seeks to establish paths of transmission and modes of adaptation across times and places.
: 1 online resource : Includes bibliographical references and index. : 9789004450264
9789004527850

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