Anwar Sadat

Sadat in 1980 Muhammad Anwar es-Sadat , , ; (US) and , .}} (25 December 1918 – 6 October 1981) was an Egyptian politician and military officer who served as the third president of Egypt, from 15 October 1970 until his assassination by fundamentalist army officers on 6 October 1981. Sadat was a senior member of the Free Officers who overthrew King Farouk I in the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, and a close confidant of President Gamal Abdel Nasser, under whom he served as Vice President twice and whom he succeeded as president in 1970. In 1978, Sadat and Menachem Begin, Prime Minister of Israel, signed a peace treaty in cooperation with United States President Jimmy Carter, for which they were recognized with the Nobel Peace Prize.

In his 11 years as president, he changed Egypt's trajectory, departing from many political and economic tenets of Nasserism, reinstituting a multi-party system, and launching the Infitah economic policy. As President, he led Egypt in the Yom Kippur War of 1973 to regain Egypt's Sinai Peninsula, which Israel had occupied since the Six-Day War of 1967, making him a hero in Egypt and, for a time, the wider Arab World. Afterwards, he engaged in negotiations with Israel, culminating in the Camp David Accords and the Egypt–Israel peace treaty; this won him and Menachem Begin the Nobel Peace Prize, making Sadat the first Muslim Nobel laureate. Although reaction to the treaty—which resulted in the return of Sinai to Egypt—was generally favorable among Egyptians, it was rejected by the country's Muslim Brotherhood and the left, which felt Sadat had abandoned efforts to ensure a State of Palestine. With the exception of Sudan, the Arab world and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) strongly opposed Sadat's efforts to make a separate peace with Israel without prior consultations with the Arab states. His refusal to reconcile with them over the Palestinian issue resulted in Egypt being suspended from the Arab League from 1979 to 1989. The peace treaty was also one of the primary factors that led to his assassination; on 6 October 1981, militants led by Khalid Islambouli opened fire on Sadat with automatic rifles during the 6 October parade in Cairo, killing him. Provided by Wikipedia
Showing 1 - 6 results of 6 for search 'Sadat, Anwar, 1918-1981,', query time: 0.02s Refine Results
Qiṣṣat al-waḥdah al-ʻArabīyah /

: Romanized record. : 226 pages ; 17 cm.

Revolt on the Nile /

: 131 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm.

In search of identity : an autobiography /

: Translations of : Baḥth ʻan al-dhāt.
Includes index. : 360 pages, [4] leaves of plates : illustrations ; 24 cm. : 0060137428

The public diary of President Sadat /

: Includes index. : 3 volumes (1425 pages) ; 25 cm. : 9004057021 v.1

Qiṣṣat al-waḥdah al-ʻArabīyah wa-al-ittifāqāt al-thanāʼīyah wa-al-ḍamān al-jamāʻī /

: pages ; 24 cm

Qiṣṣat al-waḥdah al-ʿarabīyah /

: 226 pages ; 17 cm.

Search Tools: Get RSS Feed Email this Search